The Indian Films: A Review

In 1937, Ardeshir Irani was the first to make a color film, with his feature film Kisan Kanya, while Sairandhri , a true first colorized film made by an Indian, had been processed and drawn in Germany three years earlier. You can choose   for the best results.

The Chronology

From the 1950s, the Indian industry organized and institutionalized with the creation of representative bodies with the government and unions, as well as with the establishment of professional distribution channels. But cinema has become such a phenomenon that the government promulgated the Cinematography Act in 1952. In parallel, IFFI, the International Film Festival of India, was created, which remains today the only official festival organized by the Indian federal government. This recognition by the public authorities of the importance of the role which the cinema is led to play and of the interest which they could thus find in it is growing and led the Indian government to create in 1960 the Film Institute of Pune, a national film school, which will provide training for the country’s biggest directors for both author and commercial cinema. At the same time, the Film Finance Corporation was created, which later became the National Film Development Corporation, responsible for funding films by authors and regional films.

  • A new milestone was reached in 1955 when Pather Panchali, a masterpiece by Satyajit Rai met with great national success, but also beyond Indian borders. He is thus recognized in Cannes and receives the prize for “Best Human Document” as well as other international awards. The success of Satyajit Rai heralds the arrival of a new trend, the “new cinema” of Bengali inspiration, of which he is considered one of the fathers, alongside Ritwik Ghatak and Mrinal Sen.
  • Considered the best filmmaker in India at that time, Satyajit Ray has made dozens of films and half a dozen documentaries that accompany his viewers in a cinema that is both humanist and realistic, taking up rural and urban themes of the world. ‘India. Among his famous works, which win a large number of international awards, we can cite, in addition to Pather Panchali, Apur Sansar , Charulata , Jalsaychar , Goopy Gyre Bagha Byre , Seemadha , Jana Aranya , Ashani Sanket and Agantuk , his latest film produced by Daniel Plantan Tuscan. At the same time, another group of filmmakers is emerging with the movement of art cinema: Shyam Benegal, Budhdev Basu, Mani Kaul, Kumar Shahani and Basu Battacharya.

1970 Onwards

From the 1970s, the Indian public began to be watered by what is popularly called the “masala” cinema. The film “masala” is above all an entertainment film mixing love, humor, drama, action, and generally ending in a happy ending. There are also recurring themes such as fate and family, all surrounded by the utopian vision of a multi-religious India but united above all, especially in the face of adversity. The film “masala” is thus intended to unite, a character which is particularly important in a country where religions, customs, cultures, languages ​​and different communities coexist. Sholay, the cult film directed by Ramesh Sippy and released in 1975, is the perfect illustration.


It was in the 1980s that commercial cinema burst massively both in the studios of Bombay but also elsewhere as in the South in Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Regarding the content of the achievements, it is mostly the same scenario that we could compare to a musical: a love story between a man and a woman who will meet several adventures in their union which combines humor, music, dance and fighting.